土元吧

食用土元养殖技术要点

      编辑:土元       来源:土元吧
 

转载自百家号作者:八贤王

土元的营养非常的丰富,具有一定的食用价值,所以土元除了药用之外,还作为一种特殊的食物供人食用,现将食用土元养殖技术要点给大家介绍如下:

Tuyuan is rich in nutrients and has certain edible value. Therefore, besides medicinal use, Tuyuan is also used as a special food for human consumption. Now, the main points of edible Tuyuan breeding technology are introduced as follows:

1、人食用土元的特性及食料。土元生长在土里,喜欢阴暗潮湿,昼伏夜出觅食,它耐饥性强,半个月不食东西而体质不受任何影响,属冬眠性昆虫。它采食广泛,各种菜叶、水果皮、植物叶、粮油下脚料等都是它的好食料。饲料须用水拌湿拌匀,每天喂食一次,喂量以第二天表面不剩食为宜。每百公斤土元日食量为5公斤左右。

1. Characteristic and food of human edible earthen element. Tuyuan grows in the soil, like dark and humid, day and night to forage, it has strong hunger resistance, half a month without food and physical impact, is a hibernating insect. It eats a wide range of vegetables, fruit peels, plant leaves, grain and oil waste and so on are its good food. Feeds should be mixed with water and wet, and fed once a day. Feeding amount should be kept on the surface the next day. The daily eclipse of Tuyen is about 5 kilograms per hundred kilograms.

2、温度控制。土元正常生长适温在15-35℃之间,15℃以下到0℃为冬眠温,人工饲养土元只需加温保持在15-35℃之间,一年四季均可喂养。

2. Temperature control. The suitable temperature for normal growth of soil element is between 15-35 C, and the hibernation temperature is below 15 C to 0 C. Artificial rearing soil element can be fed in all seasons of the year by heating only 15-35 C.

3、培养土的湿度控制。饲养土元可在砖砌的池子里进行,饲养池高36厘米,长短不限,用石棉瓦或水泥预制板做成隔层,最高可建8-9层,以充分利用空间面积进行多层立体养殖。土元适应性广,抗病能力强,不易生病,但池土过干时易引起蜕皮困难,所以要用喷雾器喷水,过湿也会影响土元的正常生长,易引起大肚病。老鼠和鸡都是土元的天敌,因此要封闭门窗,用水泥灌注地面,防止这类天敌入侵。蚂蚁对土元的危害也很大,可用熟骨头引出来,加以消灭。

3. Humidity control of cultivated soil. Raising soil elements can be carried out in brick ponds, which are 36 centimeters high and unlimited in length. They are separated by asbestos tiles or cement prefabricated boards, and can be constructed up to 8-9 layers to make full use of the space area for multi-layer three-dimensional breeding. Soil element has wide adaptability, strong disease resistance, and is not easy to get ill. But when the pond is dry, it is easy to cause molting. Therefore, spraying water with sprayers will also affect the normal growth of soil elements and cause big belly disease easily. Rats and chickens are natural enemies of Tuyuan, so we should close doors and windows and pour cement into the ground to prevent such natural enemies from invading. Ants are also harmful to the soil element. They can be brought out by cooked bones and eliminated.

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